What Causes Vertigo?

The most common cause of vertigo is BPPV. BPPV is short for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo which is a condition that causes dizziness when your head is in certain positions. There are many other causes of vertigo which are discussed in detail below. The most important thing to becoming free of vertigo is to address the cause and treating it appropriately.

Understanding Vertigo

Vertigo is present when one side of your vestibular system does not match the other side. This can be due to an increase of decrease in activation. When this occurs vertigo and many other symptoms occur. You have a vestibular system located on both sides of your skull that produce a massive input to the brain. Although vertigo is the most alarming symptom of a vestibular imbalance, many other problems will accompany your dizziness.

Types of VertigoVestibular-System

BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo)

BPPV is a condition that affects your vestibular system. This is caused by the dysfunction of your vestibular system. Your vestibular system is responsible for detecting the location of the head and neck. In BPPV, something known as otoconia crystals dislodge from one area of your vestibular system into another. This causes a much higher discharge from one side of your vestibular system. The otoconia crystals are heavier than the rest of the environment. The crystals cause problems when people move their heads in certain positions because this allows the crystals to move. Because of this, the vestibular system sends a massive sensory signal and causes a huge imbalance leading to vertigo.

Vestibular Migraine

The second most common type of vertigo is due to a vestibular migraine. This is a type of migraine that may lead to a debilitating headache, but not always. Vestibular migraines cause symptoms including balance, vision, and vertigo issues. The cause of all migraines is due to a genetic predisposition to certain areas of the brain. Because of these weaknesses, certain people will experience vestibular migraines while another person will experience ocular migraines.

Learn More About the Cause of Migraines


The labyrinth consists of your auditory system and your vestibular system. This condition is sometimes incorrectly referred to as vestibular neuritis and occurs due to inflammation of a nerve in the inner ear. Labyrinthitis is similar to BPPV with vertigo because it produces the sensation that the world is spinning. This condition also may develop with hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ears). This cause of Labyrinthitis is thought to be from a bacterial or viral infection that makes its way into the inner ear.

Meniere’s Disease

This is due to a high amount of pressure built up within the inner ear. This can be caused by many things such as an infection or a head injury. The symptoms you will have with Meniere’s disease are vertigo, a pressure in the ear, hearing loss and tinnitus. Management recommended Meniere’s disease treatment is mostly accomplished through dietary and lifestyle choices like decreased caffeine, avoid MSG’s, smaller meals and stress management. There are other treatments available for this condition.

Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease

This is when you have an autoimmune condition or antibodies attacking your inner ear. It is important to address your autoimmune condition before looking for any rehabilitation. Look at clinical nutrition to get more information on how to address these types of problems. The symptoms of autoimmune inner ear disease will include vertigo and hearing loss. After addressing the autoimmune condition, it is important to undergo rehabilitation through clinical neuroscience.

Treatment of VertigoDoctor-Treating-Vertigo

The treatment of vertigo depends on your diagnosis. Most of the patients that come into our clinic ask the question, “what causes vertigo?” That is a great question! The important thing to recognize is that without uncovering the cause, you are unlikely to achieve lasting results. At our clinic in Savannah, GA we do this through clinical neuroscience and clinical nutrition. We would love to help you overcome your vertigo.






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Savannah, GA 31406